Monday, October 24, 2011

My 150th Country Visitor - From ARMENIA

The 150th country to my Blog - a visitor from ARMENIA.
It's general knowledge's time....

Armenia is located in the southern Caucasus and is the smallest of the former Soviet republics. It is bounded by Georgia on the north, Azerbaijan on the east, Iran on the south, and Turkey on the west. Contemporary Armenia is a fraction of the size of ancient Armenia. A land of rugged mountains and extinct volcanoes, its highest point is Mount Aragats, 13,435 ft (4,095 m).
One of the world's oldest civilizations, Armenia once included Mount Ararat, which biblical tradition identifies as the mountain that Noah's ark rested on after the flood. It was the first country in the world to officially embrace Christianity as its religion (c. A.D. 300).
In the 6th century B.C. , Armenians settled in the kingdom of Urartu (the Assyrian name for Ararat), which was in decline. Under Tigrane the Great (fl. 95–55 B.C. ) the Armenian empire reached its height and became one of the most powerful in Asia, stretching from the Caspian to the Mediterranean seas. Throughout most of its long history, however, Armenia has been invaded by a succession of empires. Under constant threat of domination by foreign forces, Armenians became both cosmopolitan as well as fierce protectors of their culture and tradition.
Over the centuries Armenia was conquered by Greeks, Romans, Persians, Byzantines, Mongols, Arabs, Ottoman Turks, and Russians. From the 16th century through World War I, major portions of Armenia were controlled by their most brutal invader, the Ottoman Turks, under whom the Armenians experienced discrimination, religious persecution, heavy taxation, and armed attacks. In response to Armenian nationalist stirrings, the Turks massacred thousands of Armenians in 1894 and 1896. The most horrific massacre took place in April 1915 during World War I, when the Turks ordered the deportation of the Armenian population to the deserts of Syria and Mesopotamia. According to the majority of historians, between 600,000 and 1.5 million Armenians were murdered or died of starvation. The Armenian massacre is considered the first genocide of the 20th century. Turkey denies that a genocide took place and claims that a much smaller number died in a civil war.

Government: Republic.
President: Serzh Sarkisyan (2008)
Prime Minister: Tigran Sarkisyan (2008)
Land area: 11,506 sq mi (29,800 sq km). 
Population (2010 est.): 2,966,802 (growth rate: 0.01%); birth rate: 12.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 19.5/1000; life expectancy: 72.9; density per sq mi: 258
Capital and Largest City: Yerevan, 1,462,700 (metro. area), 1,267,600 (city proper).
Other large cities: Vanadzor, 147,400; Gyumri (Leninakan), 125,300; Abovian, 59,300 
Monetary unit: Dram
Languages: Armenian 98%, Yezidi, Russian.
Ethnicity/Race: Armenian 97.9%, Russian 0.5%, Kurds 1.3%, other 0.3% (2001).
Religion: Armenian Apostolic 95%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi 1%.
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 21
Agriculture: fruit (especially grapes), vegetables; livestock.  
Labor force: 1.2 million; agriculture 46.2%, industry 15.6%, services 38.2% (2006 est)
Industries: diamond processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy.  
Natural resources: small deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, alumina.  
Exports: $715 million f.o.b. (2009): diamonds, mineral products, foodstuffs, energy.  
Imports: $2.54 billion f.o.b. (2009 est.): natural gas, petroleum, tobacco products, foodstuffs, diamonds. Major trading partners: Russia, Ukraine, Belgium, Turkmenistan, Italy, Germany, Iran, Israel, U.S.%, Georgia (2006)

map of Armenia
Mount Ararat
Yerevan Opera
 nice view
 one of the lakes..
 Marriott Hotel in Yerevan.
 Yerevan city..
Armenian Airline..
currency note

Have a nice day....

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