Wednesday, June 27, 2012

ZAMBIA - the 170th Country Visitor to my Blog.

ZAMBIA - the 170th country to visit my Blog. (There are 196 countries in the world).
Someone from Zambia paid a visit to my Blog 3 hours ago. So, it's another information lesson today...
Let's see what Zambia - Home of the Victoria Falls - have to offer...
Zambia, a landlocked country in south-central Africa, is about one-tenth larger than Texas. It is surrounded by Angola, Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia. The country is mostly a plateau that rises to 8,000 ft (2,434 m) in the east.

Early humans inhabited present-day Zambia between one and two million years ago. Today the country is made up almost entirely of Bantu-speaking peoples. Empire builder Cecil Rhodes obtained mining concessions in 1889 from King Lewanika of the Barotse and sent settlers to the area soon thereafter. The region was ruled by the British South Africa Company, which Rhodes established, until 1924, when the British government took over the administration.
From 1953 to 1964, Northern Rhodesia was federated with Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. On Oct. 24, 1964, Northern Rhodesia became the independent nation of Zambia.
Kenneth Kaunda, the first president, kept Zambia within the Commonwealth of Nations. The country's economy, dependent on copper exports, was threatened when Rhodesia declared its independence from British rule in 1965 and defied UN sanctions, which Zambia supported, an action that deprived Zambia of its trade route through Rhodesia. The U.S., Britain, and Canada organized an airlift in 1966 to ship gasoline into Zambia.

President: Michael Chilufya Sata (2011)
Land area: 285,994 sq mi (740,724 sq km); total area: 290,586 sq mi (sq km)
Population (2011 est.): 13,881,336 (growth rate: 3.062%); birth rate: 44.08/1000; infant mortality rate: 66.6/1000; life expectancy: 52.36.
Capital and largest city: Lusaka(capital) 1.413 million
Monetary unit: Kwacha
Republic of Zambia
Languages: Bemba (official) 30.1%, Nyanja (official) 10.7%, Tonga (official) 10.6%, Lozi (official) 5.7%, Chewa 4.9%, Nsenga 3.4%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (official) 2.2%, Kaonde (official) 2%, Lala 2%, Luvale (official) 1.7%, English (official) 1.7%, other 22.5% (2000 Census)
Ethnicity/race: African 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups), other 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans) (2000 Census)
Religions: Christian 50%–75%, Islam and Hindu 24%–49%, indigenous beliefs 1%
Literacy rate: 81% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2010 est.): $20.04 billion; per capita $1,500.  
Real growth rate: 7.6%.  
Inflation: 8.5%.  
Unemployment: 14% (2006 est.).  
Arable land: 7%. 
Agriculture: corn, sorghum, rice, peanuts, sunflower seed, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides.  
Labor force: 5.46 million (2010); agriculture 85%, industry 6%, services 9% (2004).  
Industries: copper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture.  
Natural resources: copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower.  
Exports: $7.251 billion (2010 est.): copper/cobalt 64%, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton. Imports: $4.71 billion (2010 est.): machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing.  
Major trading partners: South Africa, China, Switzerland, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kuwait (2010).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 90,100 (2010); mobile cellular: 4.947 million (2010). Broadcast media: State-owned Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC) operates 1 TV station and is the principal local-content provider; several private TV stations are available; multi-channel subscription TV services are obtainable; ZNBC operates 3 radio networks; about 2 dozen private radio stations also broadcasting; relays of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible in Lusaka and Kitwe (2007).  
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 14,771 (2010).  
Internet users: 816,200 (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 2,157 km km (2006).  
Highways: total: 91,440 km; paved: 20,117 km ; unpaved: 71,323 km (2001 est.).  
Waterways: 2,250 km, including Zambezi and Luapula rivers, Lake Tanganyika.  
Ports and harbors: Mpulungu.  
Airports: 94 (2010).

Victoria Falls
 Devils pool, Victoria Falls
 near the falls...
 Puku Ridge Camp
 rural market
 Luangwa national park
 Zambia people
Tribal ceremony
 paper money
 school kids
 Zambia's women football team
 Miss Zambia...

Have a nice day....

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