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Monday, August 6, 2012

GIBRALTAR - The 177th COUNTRY VISITOR.



While we were busy with the London 2012 Olympics, a visitor from GIBRALTAR came to visit my Blog yesterday. He/she represents the 177th country to visit my Blog. Thank you...
Let's learn something about this country called Gibraltar.
GEOGRAPHY/HISTORY:
Gibraltar, at the south end of the Iberian Peninsula, is a rocky promontory commanding the western entrance to the Mediterranean. Aside from its strategic importance, it is also a free port, naval base, and coaling station. It was captured by the Moorish leader Tarik, crossing from Africa into Spain in 711, and its name is derived from the Arabic, Jabal-al-Tarik (Mount of Tarik). In the 15th century, it passed to the Moorish ruler of Granada and later became Spanish. It was captured by an Anglo-Dutch force in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession and passed to Great Britain by the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Since then Spain has continually laid claim to it. Most of the inhabitants of Gibraltar are of Spanish, Italian, and Maltese descent, and in 1981 Gibraltarians were granted full British citizenship. Spanish efforts to recover Gibraltar culminated in a referendum in 1967, in which the residents voted overwhelmingly to retain their link with Britain. In response, Spain sealed Gibraltar's land border between 1969 and 1985. In 2002, Britain and Spain discussed sharing the sovereignty of Gibraltar. In reaction, the government of Gibraltar held a referendum in Nov. 2002 in which the population voted almost unanimously against shared sovereignty.

FACTS and FIGURES:
Status: Overseas territory
Governor: Francis Richards (2003)
Chief Minister: Peter Caruana (1996)
Total area: 2 sq mi (6 sq km)
Population (2008 est.): 28,002 (growth rate: 0.1%); birth rate: 10.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 4.9/1000; life expectancy: 80.0; density per sq mi: 4,667
Monetary unit: Gibraltar pound
Literacy rate: above 80% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2000 est.): $769 million; per capita $27,900.  
Real growth rate: n.a.  
Inflation: 1.5% (1998).  
Unemployment: 2% (2001 est.).  
Arable land: 0%.  
Agriculture: none.  
Labor force: 14,800 (including non-Gibraltar laborers); services 60%, industry 40%, agriculture negl. Industries: tourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco.  
Natural resources: negl.  
Exports: $271 million f.o.b. (2004 est.): (principally reexports) petroleum 51%, manufactured goods 41%, other 8%.  
Imports: $2.967 billion c.i.f. (2004 est.): fuels, manufactured goods, and foodstuffs.  
Major trading partners: France, Spain, Turkmenistan, Switzerland, Germany, UK, Greece, Russia, Italy, U.S., Sweden (2004).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 19,000 (1997); mobile cellular: 1,620 (1997). 
Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998).  
Radios: 37,000 (1997).  
Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus three low-power repeaters) (1997).  
Televisions: 10,000 (1997).  
Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000).  
Internet users: n.a.
Transportation: Railways: total: n.a. km.  
Highways: total: 29 km; paved: 29 km; unpaved: 0 km (2002).  
Ports and harbors: Gibraltar.  
Airports: 1 (2002).

PHOTOS:
Gibraltar 1
 Gibraltar 2
 Gibraltar 3
 Gibraltar 4
 Gibraltar 5
 Gibraltar 6
 Gibraltar 7
 Gibraltar 8
 Gibraltar apes
Miss World Gibraltar
 Gibraltar beauty
 Have a nice day....

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